ABSTRACT. Since ancient times, all populations – regardless of beliefs and geographical position – have included music in their lives, giving it a complex communication, healing, and purification role. Whatever the producing source, there have been established strong ties between sound and mythology while the sound is considered the means connecting people with the spiritual world, with gods. In some oriental cultures music reflects the cosmic system music or the ladder sounds with their correspondences in the elements of nature. In relation to the specific auditory the instruments have had different functions (the ritual, meditation, communication, balancing, healing), some of them being maintained so far. pp. 85–97

Keywords: ancient musical cultures; ancient practices; old sound source; traditional instruments; ancient symbolism

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Spiru Haret University

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