Abstract. On the whole, the European political life during the mid ’20s and ’30s was characterized by an increased instability and dictatorial tendencies, especially after 1933. Romania was no exception either. Unrest and violence that accompanied a good part of interwar Romanian politics can be better understood if we examine them against the backdrop of the European context. Also, the transition from a fragile democracy to an authoritarian rule in Romania can be easily explained if we pay attention to the overall process of the collapse of the democratical regimes in many important European countries. The climate of violence in the interwar Europe was boosted by the emergence of two forms of extremism, the Communists, on the left, and the fascists and the national socialists, on the right. What is worth noting about this two forms of extremism is that one feeds the other. They have fueled each other, providing an impetus for deepening internal struggles within European countries exhausted by the First World War. The anti-Semitic feelings and the visceral fear of the proletarian revolution that characterized many European countries in that period led to and justified the takeover attempt by aggressive means, assassinations of political leaders or mass killings. Eventually, in most cases the collapse of democracy was inevitable, paving the way for the Second World War. pp. 299–304


Keywords: European political life, interwar period, increased instability, dictatorial

tendencies, extremism

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