Part one: The “manipulation” concept can only be analysed in the integrity of its components. Intention holds here a central place. We may speak about a manipulation process when this influencing act comprises more conditions: it obtains modified behaviour in favour of the initiator of the act; it does not use physical force to this aim, the one subjected to the process does not realize that his/her being influenced is attempted, yet it develops with his/her consent, leaving the subject the impression that he/she has chosen by himself/herself and finally and most important – it contains the intention to influence. Misinterpretation or involuntarily leading into error does not mean manipulation. Part two: types of manipulation through the press.

Go to top