In this paper there have been selected five views that analyze the speech or the argumentative text. Thus, ‘the informal logic’, understood either as ‘a logical criticism of arguments’ (Blair) or ‘a non-standard criticism of sophisms’ (Woods, Walton) is a reaction against the logic’s excessively formalism in the first half of the 20th century and, therefore, considers the argumentation as a concrete practice of thinking. Ducrot and Anscombre analyze the argumentative speech as linguistic practice, reduced at the linguistic-expressive intuitivity and exteriority of the ideational interrelations.

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